While ankle pain is commonly associated with ankle sprains, other conditions can be the culprit. Ankle pain can be caused by ankle instability, gout, tendinitis, fracture, nerve compression (tarsal tunnel syndrome), infection, or poor structural alignment of the leg or foot. Symptoms can include swelling, stiffness, redness, and warmth in the involved area. Nonsurgical treatment options include rest, ice, elevation, immobilization, custom foot orthotics and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Laser therapy and EPAT are very effective methods of treatment as well.
“Not all ankle pain is caused by an underlying disease. Poorly fitting footwear, such as ski boots and high heels, can lead to sprains, strains, and overuse that result in ankle pain.”